The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether perceptions of instructor immediacy differed between students enrolled in conventional and distributed learning classrooms. Students enrolled in conventional and distributed learning classrooms did not perceive a significant difference in instructor verbal immediacy, but they did perceive a significant difference in instructor nonverbal immediacy.
Freitas, Frances A; Myers, Scott A; Avtgis, Theodore A (1998). Student Perceptions of Instructor Immediacy in Conventional and Distributed Learning Classrooms. Communication Education 47(4) 366-372. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1080/03634529809379143. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/nurspubs/118