We consider the size of domains formed in ordered systems in the presence of quenched random fields. We argue that below the critical dimension, the, domain size shows a nonmonotonic dependence on the correlation length of the random field. If the random field is slowly varying in space, the order parameter follows the field, and the domain size is comparable to the correlation length. If the field is rapidly varying, the domain size becomes larger than the correlation length, and diverges as the correlation length of the random field goes to zero.
Analytical solution of Maxwell's equations is obtained for general linear optical materials: lossy and optically active crystals. Explicit expressions are obtained for the dispersion relation and the propagating eigenmodes. In general, four rather than two distinct modes are present. The results are useful in describing light propagation in optically complex media.