Model For the Director and Electric Field in Liquid Crystal Cells Having Twist Walls Or Disclination Lines06/15/2002
Two examples of the director structure and electric field in patterned electrode liquid crystal cells are studied using a recently developed calculational model. First, a display cell that exhibits a homeotropic to multidomainlike transition with twist wall structures has been considered for a liquid crystal with positive dielectric anisotropy. The model elucidates the behavior of the electric field. Calculations show good agreement between the model and direct computer solution of the Euler-Lagrange equations, but the model is at least 30 times faster. Second, the possibility that a cell has +/-1/2 disclination lines instead of a wall defect is probed. A temperature dependent estimate for the size of the defect core is given, and the total free energy of the cell with disclination lines was calculated and compared with the corresponding value for the same cell with wall defect structure. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.