A nematic liquid crystal (LC) mixture was doped with harvested ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles and investigated with wide- and small-angle x-ray scattering upon heating from the nematic to the isotropic phase. At moderate temperatures, colloidal crystallites were observed. LC test cells with homeotropic anchoring were placed in the x-ray beam and the realignment of the LC director was investigated upon applying an electric field.
A mixture of two smectic liquid crystals was doped with harvested ferroelectric barium titanate nanoparticles and investigated with wide- and small-angle X-ray scattering during cooling from the isotropic phase. A decrease in the isotropic to nematic and in the nematic to partially bilayer smectic-Ad (SmAd) phase transition temperatures was observed accompanied by an increase of the layer spacing in the SmAd phase.