Contemporary Teaching Strategies: Educating the Student Nurse on Central Venous Catheter Care and the Prevention of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections03/15/2016
Problem: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLA-BSI) are one of the most common infections found within the hospital setting. Once acquired, the estimated cost to treat a CLA-BSI can range anywhere from $5,734-$22,939 in healthcare costs (CDC, 2011). Much of the research found today indicates a need for education especially among nursing students to help reduce the incidence of infection.
Method: Search strategies for this literature review included the use of the databases CINHAL, AHRQ, Cochrane Library and MEDLine with key points encompassing Central Venous Catheter (CVC) care, CLA-BSI prevention, appropriate teaching techniques, and evidence-based practice. Any information prior to 2007 was excluded to obtain the most recent evidence based practice. Over twenty studies were included with a majority being peer reviewed. Major trends noted within the research included reduced incidence of CLA-BSIs with an implemented educational program.
Results: This evidence based literature review focuses primarily on the need for education of nursing students and other healthcare professionals to highlight the importance of incorporating interdisciplinary care, awareness of up to date evidence-based practice and hygiene techniques. Recommendations for further practice and education would incorporate greater emphasis on current Central Venous Line (CVL) protocol, didactic teaching, practical workshops, simulations, video skill demonstrations, and accountability with the use of a checklist system. Future research should be directed towards the effectiveness using technology and accountability of the interdisciplinary team in education programs.