A Literature Review on Organ Donation Education for Baccalaureate Science of Nursing Students: A QSEN Approach03/15/2016
Problem: There is a lack of information available on organ donation that is relevant to nursing students. The focus of this evidence-based literature review is to identify areas of insufficient knowledge related to organ donation in nursing schools.
Method: The literature review was conducted utilizing electronic databases (i.e., CINHAL, PubMed, MedLink, AHRQ, Cochran Database of Systematic Reviews, QSEN, and OhioLINK). A combination of the following keywords were searched: (a) organ donation, (b) transplant outcomes, (c) adults, (d) pediatrics, (e) adolescents, (f) evidence-based practice, (g) family, (h) ethics, (i) nursing, (j) education, and (k) high school. Articles containing these keywords were excluded if they were published before 2010, unless it was a sentinel article. Articles were suitable for inclusion regardless of language or nationality of origin.
Results of literature search: Thirty articles were included, the majority being peer reviewed. In this review, an abundance of information existed regarding general information on organ donation for post-licensure nurses (i.e., continued education and best practice policies). However, the same is not true for pre-licensure programs (i.e., nursing schools). Considering this deficiency, the need for the student nurse education is apparent.