Spanish Architecture in the 20th century not only conveyed the artistic and functional aspect of their society, but it also was fueled by the political nature of the economy at the time Spain’s architecture was struggling to strive. This research goes into further investigation and explains how changing political or social factors are reflected in Spanish architecture.
According to Jonathan Glancey of the Guardian, “Renaissances in architecture and design, occur when certain cultural and political fuses are lit; for a while these have gone out in Italy, although probably not forever” (Glancey, 2008). When Spanish dictator and general Generalissimo Franco died, the country began a very long-awaited struggle to reclaim its power and for a stable economy. By doing so, they have been able to ascend to the respected democratic monarchy that it is today. There was a lot of Architects had to do because of the dictatorship period where there was neglect in the cities. This abstract discusses Architect Rafael Moneo’s Town Hall designed between 1973 and 1974 in the area of the new Logroño on a site previously occupied by army barracks. In my opinion, Moneo’s Town Hall in Logrono is an appropriate case study for this research because it is proof on the relationship between politics and architecture in the 1970’s. In Moneo’s works, Moneo claims to have created a building "content in its role as spectator, without seeking the status of protagonist held by the cathedral and the palace." The political involvement in Spanish architecture has led to numerous findings and this paper aims to unveil the pros and cons of the which politics had to play in Spanish architecture and why it is important to understand that before using as a reference in this present modern technological world.
In the early ’80s before the prime of the evolution of Spain, the country was relatively underdeveloped and focused mostly on traditional and menial activities that diminished their economy’s power. Agricultural productivity was relatively low and financial institution suffered from the economy. The shifts in political power and the royal dynasty that led to the political instability of Spanish architecture in the 2oth century. The likes of Franco and native-born architects all had a part to play in the beginnings of political instability and Spanish architecture. My primary sources would be scholarly journals and Spanish architects who really understood the situation based on evidence and secondary would be the critics and articles that help us understand the extent of the situation.