Dielectric spectroscopy measurements have been performed on a bent-core nematic liquid crystal and on its binary mixtures with a calamitic nematic. We have detected more dispersions in the bent-core compound than in the calamitic one, including one at an unusually low frequency of a few kilohertz. The dispersions detected in the mixtures have been identified and the spectra have been split into contributions of the constituents. In order to connect the dielectric increment with the molecular dipole moment we have applied a sophisticated conformational calculation not performed before for a large, flexible mesogen molecule with numerous polar groups.
Dielectric Relaxation Behavior of a Liquid Crystal Showing an Unusual Type of Antiferroelectric-Ferroelectric-Antiferroelectric Phase Sequence04/14/2003
The temperature and frequency dependent dielectric relaxation behavior of a liquid crystalline (S)-(+)-1-methylheptyl 4-[2-(4-alkoxyphenyl) thiophene-5-carbonylthiooxy] benzoate system is reported. Interesting successive antiferroelectric-ferroelectric-antiferroelectric (AF-FE-AF) phase transitions are observed in this system resembling the successive phase transitions observed in crystalline Rochelle salt. The smectic-C*(SmC*) to AF1 phase transition (around 103.0 °C) is first order in nature, predicted from the use of Orihara and Ishibashi theory. It is also found that a contribution of the ferroelectric SmC* phase ordering penetrates even in the antiferroelectric AF1 (SmCA*) and AF2 (SmCA*) phases very close to the SmC*-AF1 and SmC*-AF2 phase boundaries (critical regions). It is suggested that this type of mixing of AF and FE phases might cause surface induced ferroelectric- or ferroelectric-type ordering near the AF-FE phase transitions. A soft mode with Debye-type dispersion was observed in the SmA phase. The thermal behaviors of dielectric dispersion, absorption, and dielectric strength in different phases are also reported and discussed.