First Aid Education serves the public’s health to prepare for and respond to acute illness and injuries and to return people to health. Understanding motivations for people participate in education opportunities would help educational organizations contextualize learners’ expectations and be used to increase the percentage of the public trained to respond. We set out to identify individual and/or population motivations to attend first aid education through a scoping review of literature using PRISMA guidelines.
No large experimental or population-based studies exist but we identified three smaller experimental studies. Two observational or retrospective studies and eight descriptive studies rounded out the literature that included motivation to attend. Motivations to participate in first aid education are not well described in the literature in terms of magnitude or generalizability. Those identified do fit into behavioral theories, as applied in the Social-Ecological and Transtheoretical models for the benefit individual educators and training organizations.
Linking theory to motivations ideally helps develop future research in the field from psychological and sociological perspectives. Practically, there is opportunity for better linkages between education organizations those who can “require” training for occupational or educational purposes to increase awareness and opportunity for first aid education. Public health educators can also link first aid education to other public health topics or vice versa to weave in community competencies for resilience in personal or public emergencies.