The ecological significance of microbial communities in aquatic systems has been documented to varying degrees in marine and lentic systems; however much less is known about their relative abundance and distribution among streams with different environmental conditions. In this study, the relative abundance and distribution of different bacterial taxa, virus-like-particles (VLP) and protozoa in planktonic communities from nine streams in different regions of the USA were examined. There were clear differences in the abundance and distribution of the microorganisms examined among sites within a stream and among the streams. Also, there were strong relationships between the abundance of some of the microbiological variables measured and the environmental conditions of the streams. Most of the bacterial taxa examined were correlated with chlorophyll-a concentrations, while no significant relationships were observed between VLP numbers and any of the environmental or microbiological variables measured in the streams. In contrast, protozoa numbers were correlated with nitrate and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations. Our results suggest that differences in environmental conditions influence microbial numbers and distribution among the streams examined.
The Conversing God: Exploring Trinitarian Information Transfer from the Perspective of Gordon Pask's Conversation Theory09/01/2011
The traditional Christian belief in the Trinity states that God exists in three persons: Father, Son, and Spirit, and that people were created in “the image of God.” This is understood to mean that humans reflect the nature of God and His ability to communicate. This ancient Christian concept has implications not only for theology, but also for communication within Christian communities. The goal of this paper is to explore the ability of a modern information theory to shed light on this doctrine and improve communication within the Church. This paper seeks to bridge the gap between ancient theology and modern theory by asking the following question: “Can Gordon Pask’s conversation theory serve as a framework for information transfer within the Trinity and within Christian religious communities?” The author’s perspective is that conversation theory can be used as a framework for exploring knowledge creation and sharing within the Trinity and subsequently within the Christian community. These new insights are based on Pask’s conceptualization of psychological and mechanical individuals, entailment meshes, and consciousness. As these concepts create new perspectives, they have significance for communities who model their communicating on Trinitarian theology. This discussion will be based on theoretical, theological, and biblical evidence which demonstrates that conversation theory is compatible Trinitarian theology. Conclusions include implications for the process of creating and sharing religious knowledge from the individual and the corporate perspective.
Womenswear Well-being Warriors: A Content Analysis of Female-Targeted Activewear Brands on Instagram06/2020
In contemporary Western society, people are increasingly focused on well-being, with national well-being statistics reported by numerous developed economies. Wellness is now a consumer mindset, which has gone beyond a trend and become a lifestyle, described as individual, multi-dimensional and influenced by community and environment. Fashion is recognized as a powerful social force, capable of enhancing both physical and emotional well-being. The cultural shift toward prioritizing comfortable clothing and more casual dress has led to the rapid development of female sportswear as fashionwear, described as athleisurewear. This category has seen high levels of growth compared to slowing growth in the overall clothing market.
Existing studies on activewear focus on positivist paradigms and scientific testing, with few examining the sociological or fashion perspective, therefore this research adopts an interpretive, qualitative methodology. An exploratory literature review established several well-being categories related to fashion; safety, time, the body, community, confidence and colour, as well as hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Qualitative content analysis on four female-targeted activewear brands was completed, utilizing posts from each brand’s Instagram feed over a six-month period. Results were coded to the well-being categories established in the literature and critiqued using a Baumanian sociological lens. The findings reveal high levels of positivity, a strong sense of community, messages of female empowerment, and inclusivity, underpinning the value of female-targeted activewear brands to the well-being of the women who wear them, and the role of both activewear brands and social media in facilitating community.