Our intervention, Eating Affordable Together provides young adults and their families with education and skills to achieve a healthy lifestyle while reducing the obesity in adolescents within Portage County. The obesity rate since the 1980’s in teens has gone from 5% to over 20%. In Portage County 15% of youth are considered obese. Obesity increases risk for anxiety, depression, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and stroke. We are focusing on adolescents and their parents because adolescents depend on these parents or legal guardians for guidance and resources such as food. We would like to implement workshops consisting of healthy cooking demonstrations, budgeting classes, different diet options, portion sizes, and culture meal substitutions. With the series of classes for an after school program, overtime we will implement every aspect we feel necessary to have within an individual’s lifestyle to be as healthy as possible. After this intervention we would like to see the participants implement the resources and skills to continue a healthy life style.
Portage County Health Assessment. (2016) Community Health Status Assessment. Examining the Health of Portage County. Childhood Obesity. Retrieved from http://www.kentpublichealth.org/Portage%20FINAL%20Health%20Assessment%20with%20Cover%203-3-16.pdf
Making a Case for Character; An Investigation into Knowledge Is Power Program Character Education Selection03/11/2015
Since 1994, the Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) has expanded rapidly as one the newest cutting edge charter schools with the goal to have its students, who are primarily minority, low income middle school students, complete college. The results and their methods have earned the school both enthusiastic supporters and staunch critics. Character education is seen as critical to KIPP. A large component of KIPP is a character education program that focuses on instilling its students with seven character traits. KIPP states that their program is grounded in Dr. Seligman and Dr. Peterson’s work who are the fathers of positive psychology.
Of twenty four traits in Seligman and Peterson’s work, KIPP selected six of its seven traits directly from Seligman and Peterson for their program. There is a lack of research into KIPP’s program, hence, my analysis explores Seligman and Peterson’s and KIPP’s definition of the selected traits and what KIPP’s decisions suggest about their approach to character education. In this process, it became clear that while there is agreement on quantity and how traits can be beneficial, KIPP’s desire to measure traits has caused some nuances in Dr. Seligman and Dr. Petersen work to become lost. This may undermine KIPP's effectiveness. A previous study showed that there was no change in seven of eight measures of engagement of KIPP students. Given KIPP’s rapid expansion, there is a need for more serious independent research to help understand the ramifications of KIPP’s character education program.
Bleeding from traumatic injury is a major source of morbidity and mortality, however, little data is available to aid guidelines and curriculum developers in best practice of applying direct pressure when treating or teaching how to stop life-threatening hemorrhage.
Hypothesis: This study investigated the use of two-handed pressure with bent arms versus two-handed pressure with straight arms to apply direct pressure to a hemorrhage model.
Methods: Participants, recruited as a convenience sample, were randomized and instructed to use either two hands overlapping using arm strength only, or two hands overlapping with arms straight in a “CPR-like” position to apply force to a standardized hemorrhage control trainer with electronic feedback (Z-Medica), set to record a minimum pressure of 3-psi (155 mmHg); representing as satisfactory pressure to occlude blood flow. Participants were allowed to train for 30 seconds and then were asked to hold pressure at or above 3-psi for a three-minute time period. Participants were not given any feedback during testing. The program output reported the percent of time above the 3-psi pressure following participant completion of the three-minute time period.
Results: Thirty participants were enrolled and had data available for analysis. Demographics were statistically similar across groups. When using bent arms, participants provided pressure at or above 3-psi 63.7 % (SD 33.1) of the time. Participants using the “CPR posture” were above 3-psi 100% (SD 0) of the time [mean difference 36.27% (95% CI 18.78-53.75%). The difference between the two experimental arms remained statistically significant when examined by age, gender, or medical experience.
Conclusions: A straight-armed “CPR posture” allowed participants to successfully apply pressure to stop simulated bleeding, according to study parameters, 100% of the time. This information provides evidence about the most efficient way to provide high quality direct pressure to stop life-threatening hemorrhage. This method appears applicable to a broad demographic. As this posture is already widely taught in CPR classes, it can be readily adopted for teaching or controlling hemorrhage.
« Previous | 1 - 6 of 6 | Next »