In these days many scholars are looking for a theory of community development in order to support motivation, growth, and improvement of the community. Some points on this matter will be discussed in this paper. These points are as follows: What does community development mean? What is the proposed theory? What are the conditions for applying the theory? and what will be happen when the community members apply it?
Mosque Theory will recognize the vitality of individuals and community. When the people go to the mosque as a religious building, their capabilities for improving the activities will be developed. This theory tries to show what should be done and also what will be its achievement. The purpose of the theory is to utilize individual and community vitality for Moslem community development. Through this theory, people develop their community through five new occasions: (a) Forming brotherhood relationship in the community, (b) Learning new things, (c) Creation of knowledge, (d) Leaving sin and (e) Divine Mercy.
This paper is a moral arguments for community development and discuss some patterns that are eligible for community. This paper should be read by Muslims as well as anyone interested in community development.
One of the challenges that most of the countries face today, is how they can develop their community. Off course, development has some different meaning across different cultures. People in different countries deals with different issues and challenging to achieve development of their community. But, the tendency to achieve a safety and friendly community is among most of the countries especially Islamic nations.
Now, Islam is the fastest growing major monotheistic religion in the world. Muslims comprise about one, fifth of the world’s population and constitute a majority in more than forty nations. Undoubtedly, Islam is the religion, which has purposely laid its foundation on human community. There are many Ayah (verses) in Quran, which call the people to live together in community. In some of the Ayah, Allah says:
The believers are members of one family; you shall keep the peace within your family and reverence GOD, that you may attain mercy. [49 : 10];
Do not quarrel, for then you will be weak in hearts and your power will depart [8: 46];
Help one another in goodness and piety . . . [5:2]
There are many such verses that exhort the Muslims to build the Moslem community on the foundation of unity and harmony acquiring and protecting its spiritual and material benefits and distinction.
Islam has based its laws on monotheism, and secondarily on noble moral values. Through belief in monotheism, people motivate to follow the truth, and believe that it is the best thing which may benefit them, no matter it is accompanied by worldly benefit or not; because that which is with Allah, is better and more enduring. According to this logic, every action will be done for the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is Aware of what they do.
After arrival of Islam in different countries, the religious functions were mixed with other functions. Mosques have been the first religious buildings that were constructed in new converted Islamic countries. It had social, political, and judicial functions and the new Muslim communities residents were structured by Mosque. It has also been a place for cultural exchanges in Muslim communities.
In this paper, we try to examine the impact of mosque on community’s development. For this purpose Mosque theory will be introduced. This theory aims to ensure personal and community well-being.
The objective of this paper is to provide an issue on community development. For this purpose, this paper is consisted of four sections. Section I provides some about what we mean by community development. Section II gives an overview on the mosque history. Section III explains the Mosque Theory, which is the core of this study. Section IV presents the conclusion.
In this paper, I have tried to develop a theory for community development by analyzing the mosques in terms of community perspective. I have shown, how the benefits of the mosque, can transfer to the Moslem community and how it can be used as a religious building for Moslem community development. I have proposed that, by using the mosque as a center for Community development, we can see, five new fortunes will be happened in community that will draw on development.
Some conclusion and recommendation can be written as Follows:
Mosque theory can be used as a software for development of Moslem community and applying it can enhance Moslem community development rate.
Mosque theory can provide a conceptual framework for community development process in different fields of activity. It would also provide a framework for understanding the relationships between the religion building and development.
Community development can be happened by conducting and utilization of community’s vitality through reinforcing morality, brotherhood relationship, devotion and knowledge.
The government has too much influence on the development process. Different communities may develop at different rates, due to differences in government policy.
Mosque must be designed to meet the modern needs of the Muslim people in order to popularize its use and providing effective lateral support is important in the process.
Imams of mosque should be trained in effective methods of management and in modern communication technology
In the course of construction, mosque must be made to appeal to the interest and needs of the modern Muslim lifestyle.
I am Dr. Khosro Movahed, an associated Prof. in Islamic Azad University in the school of architecture and art and in the department of architecture.
My current research interests are: (1) "Regional Planning especially for rural Region; (2) Principal of Ecological City; (3) Architecture and Urban history.