Two binary mixtures of polar liquid crystal materials were previously reported to exhibit three incommensurate smectic A phases predicted for such materials on the basis of phenomenological theory. Results of our recent high-resolution X-ray scattering experiments show that no incommensurate phases exist in the two systems. Wide coexistence regions are found at first order transitions between various frustrated smectic phases of these mixtures. These regions were previously identified as the incommensurate smectic A phases. The phase diagrams of the two systems determined with high-resolution X-ray technique are shown to be in excellent agreement with Baroisa-Prost-Lubensky theory.
Patel, Prem; Kumar, Satyendra; Ukleja, Paul (1994). The Case of Missing Incommensurate Smectic A Phases. Liquid Crystals 16(3) 351-371. doi: 10.1080/02678299408029161. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/article/case-missing-incommensurate-smectic-phases