Monte Carlo (MC) simulations based exclusively on nearest-neighbor intermolecular interactions reveal the existence of stable long-range deformations and topological defects in a thin nematic film confined between two surfaces with antagonistic (normal and tangential) molecular orientations. Thus the MC technique allows one to describe a delicate balance of bulk elasticity and surface energy usually treated only with macroscopic theories.
Physical Review Letters
Copyright 1997 American Physical Society. Available on publisher's site at http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.79.4401
Chiccoli, C.; Lavrentovich, Oleg; Pasini, P.; Zannoni, C. (1997). Monte Carlo Simulations of Stable Point Defects in Hybrid Nematic Films. Physical Review Letters 79(22) 4401-4404. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.79.4401. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/cpippubs/216