A comprehensive analysis of fundamental factors and their effects on the performance of liquid crystal (LC)-based lenses is given. The analysis adopts numerical LC director and electric field simulation, as well as scalar diffraction theory for calculating the lens performance considering different variable factors. A high-efficiency LC lens with concentric electrode rings is fabricated for verifying and enriching the analysis. The measurement results are in close agreement with the analysis, and a summary of key factors is given with their quantitative contributions to the efficiency. (C) 2013 Optical Society of America
This paper was published in Applied Optics and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.001978. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Li, Liwei; Bryant, Douglas R.; Van Heugten, Tony; Bos, Philip J. (2013). Physical Limitations and Fundamental Factors Affecting Performance of Liquid Crystal Tunable Lenses with Concentric Electrode Rings. Applied Optics 52(9) 1978. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.001978. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/cpippubs/26