We studied dung beetles in the South African savanna to determine whether dung beetles show habitat preference or specialization within this biome. Traps were set up to capture beetles in three habitats (grassland, woodland, and ecotone between grassland and woodland). The numbers of beetles of each species and species richness were determined and compared based on the specimens found in the traps. We hypothesized that a grassland habitat will show the highest species diversity and the highest number of individuals due to the dung produced by the higher diversity of grazing ungulates (eat grass only) than browsing ungulates (eat woody plants only) in South Africa. The study was conducted in the Wits Rural Facility outside Kruger National Park, in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Although we found no significant differences among the numbers of individuals per habitat (p = 0.582) or species richness per habitat (p = 0.117), some beetles were found to have distinct habitat preferences and four species were found to be endemic to a single habitat. Our results were partially consistent with our hypothesis that grassland would have the most species and individuals since the grassland had the most individual but not the most species. This indicates that habitat specialization is not a significant cause of South African dung beetle diversity.