Research has indicated that need-based distributions are often perceived to be the fairest method for distributing resources in intercollegiate athletics. Mahony, Hums, and Riemer (2005) examined definitions of need and identified 3 subprinciples: need because of lack of resources, need because of high operating expenses, and need to be competitively successful. The current study examined the perceived fairness of distributions based on these subprinciples of need, equality of treatment, and revenue production, as well as the differences in perceptions based on gender, NCAA division, and scenario. Although need because of lack of resources was consistently rated as fairer than most or all of the other distribution methods, perceptions of the other methods varied based on the scenario. Further analysis indicated that men were more likely to perceive revenue production as fair, whereas women preferred equality. In addition, Division I administrators were more likely to rate need to be competitively successful and revenue production as fair.
Journal of Sport Management
Patrick, Ian S.C.; Mahony, Daniel F.; Petrosko, Joseph M. (2008). Distributive Justice in Intercollegiate Athletics: An Examination of Equality, Revenue Production, and Need. Journal of Sport Management 22(2) 165-183. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/flapubs/21