The purpose of this study was to examine the gambling behavior of college students and, in particular, college student athletes. The sample (N = 345) was recruited from Health and Sport Sciences Department classes at a Midwestern university located within a multitude of gambling opportunities. The sample included 164 varsity athletes (181 non-athletes), 199 males (146 females), and the average age of the participants was 21.1 years. Participants completed a 90-item survey during class time with the permission of the instructor. The results showed males reported significantly (p = .008) more positive attitudes towards gambling than females but did not report significantly (p = .851) different subjective norms. Student athletes reported no significant differences in attitudes (p = .451) nor subjective norms (p = .270) when compared to other students.
Thrasher, Robert G.; Andrew, Damon P.S.; Mahony, Daniel F. (2006). THE IMPACT OF GAMBLING PROXIMITY ON GAMBLING ATTITUDES, SUBJECTIVE NORMS, GAMBLING INTENTIONS, AND GAMBLING BEHAVIOR OF COLLEGE ATHLETES. Journal of Contemporary Athletics 2(3) 291-311. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/flapubs/42