Evolutionary psychology is an important meta-theoretical paradigm for understanding universal and sex-differentiated adaptations. Despite this, it remains somewhat ignored within the mainstream study of individual differences. We outline some of the evolutionary approaches that lend to a fuller understanding of individual differences related to personality psychology. This chapter is presented in four main sections: (1) a brief summary of trait-based approaches that have been used to understand human personality, (2) an introduction to some of the evolutionary principles important to understanding behavior, (3) an explication of the function of individual differences within populations and the evolutionary mechanisms that produce such variation, and (4) a review of contemporary evolutionary models of individual differences with particular focus on personality traits.
Evolutionary Perspectives on Social Psychology
Sefcek, J. A., Black, C. J., & Wolf, P. S. (2015). Evolutionary perspectives of personality. In V. Zeigler-Hill, L. L. M. Welling, & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary perspectives on social psychology (pp. 465-477). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.