Bilateral trade agreements may arise from and enhance shared cultural norms across countries. Greater cultural understanding or similarities may be revealed through a number of avenues. We investigate one particular avenue: the judging of gymnastic performances. Using execution and difficulty scores from the 2009 World Gymnastics Championships, we find that gymnasts realize a greater return in terms of execution score for each bump in difficulty when the home countries of the judge and the athlete share a bilateral trade agreement.
The Journal of SPORT
Cultural Bias: Gymnasts, Judges, and Bilateral Trade Agreements
Callahan, Brian P.; Mulholland, Sean E.; Rotthoff, Kurt W (2016). Cultural Bias: Gymnasts, Judges, and Bilateral Trade Agreements. The Journal of SPORT 5(1) 25-45. doi: 10.21038/sprt.2016.0512. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/sport/vol5/iss1/cultural-bias-gymnasts-judges-and-bilateral-trade-agreements