Cognitive Performance of College Students with Low Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms
Problems: A substantial body of research has documented a relationship between lower socioeconomic status (SES) and greater depressive symptoms. However, few studies have examined the impact of childhood SES and depressive symptoms on cognitive performance in young adults. In our study we will test the relationships between childhood SES, current depressive symptoms, and cognitive performance in college students.
Methods: We examined undergraduate students, aged 18-26. To measure cognition we used Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) test battery. To measure depressive symptoms, we used Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD). Finally, participants’ childhood SES was assessed with the Hollingshead Scale.
Expected Results: We expect that students with lower childhood SES will have greater depression and poorer cognitive performance compared to the students who grew up with a higher SES.
Conclusions: Our results can clarify the impact of low childhood SES on depressive symptoms and cognitive performance in college students.