This research is concerned with the effect of education on income inequality in the United States, researched through the review of scholarly literature. I find this to be an important topic due to the current extreme difference in income between the highest and lowest earners in the U.S. Information for this research is pulled from scholarly sources on the subject, and brought together to give a full view of education and inequality. While the common view is that education acts as an equalizer, research suggests that the educational system in the United States may play a large factor in perpetuating inequality. It seems that a better quality of education is available to those who are born into more wealthy families, allowing individuals from high income households to achieve a higher level of income in life. Those from low income families receive less education, often of a lower quality. This research deals with the problem of economic mobility, and possible solutions to be found in the education system.