Through specific-heat and x-ray scattering studies, we show the existence of surface-induced discrete smectic order in the isotropic phase for dodecylcyanobiphenyl (12CB) confined to Anopore membranes. A quantized smectic layer growth is promoted by the pore surface when treated with an aliphatic acid of varying chain length. No surface-induced smectic order develops in untreated or lecithin treated pores nor in liquid crystals that possess a nematic phase.
Physical Review Letters
Iannacchione, Germano S.; Mang, Joseph T.; Kumar, Satyendra; Finotello, Daniele (1994). Surface-Induced Discrete Smectic Order in the Isotropic Phase of 12CB in Cylindrical Pores. Physical Review Letters 73(20) 2708-2711. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.73.2708. Retrieved from https://oaks.kent.edu/article/surface-induced-discrete-smectic-order-isotropic-phase-12cb-cylindrical-pores